Technical Rescue

History of Rope Rescue

Has its roots in Europe.
Rope equipment started as climbing equipment and was adapted to rescue work.
In 1970, fire departments began training rope rescue teams
Various regulatory organizations began to develop training and equipment standards.

Required knots and skills for TRT members (Mandatory)

Bowline with Yosemite backup Butterfly knot
Munter hitch
In-line or Directional figure 8 Double loop figure 8
Clove hitch
Figure 8 bend
Double overhand bend Double long tail snap bowline Tying personal purcells
Tying prusik loops


Triple overhand
Double loop Bowline
Tying a Bowline with one hand


Lowering systems

Descend with figure 8 descender, locking and unlocking while descending Descend with brake rack, locking and unlocking while descending
Passing of a knot while lowering
Convert lowering system to raising under load

Raising systems

Construct a 5:1 mechanical advantage Construct a 2:1, 3:1 complex MA
Use of self rescuers
Change lines while ascending/descending Passing of a knot while assending
Convert raising to lowering while under load

Construct ganged-on system with different mechanical advantages


Pick-off strap
Hanson harness
Swiss seat
Patient packaging
Use of AzTec kits for litter tenders
Rig a litter for high angle rescue with AzTec Kit Getting Stokes over the edge- verticle & horizontal Self rescue

Rigging Highlines-
single line and double line


Calculate safety margin
Calculate stress on anchors/directional based on rope angles Calculate mechanical advantage of rope systems
Be aware of force vectors and resultants

Usefull knots and skills for TRT Knots

Bowline with a bight, Yosemite backup Load releasing hitch
Lashing and Frapping
Unequal two loop figure 8 follow through Wilderness coil for carrying rope